How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

How to Start Poultry Farming in NigeriaPoultry Farming in Nigeria is one of the most profitable businesses in the Nigerian agriculture sector, and is a lucrative, and a legitimate money making venture in Nigeria. For entrepreneurs in Nigeria, this type of livestock farming can be very profitable, and has the potential to generate high returns within a short time frame, due to the fact that chickens mature very quickly. In Nigeria, poultry farming in Nigeria is experiencing significant growth due to the fact that an increasing number of people are moving away from the consumption of smuggled birds, and red meat due to health worries. As a result, there is an increased demand for local chickens.  This is great news as it creates business opportunities in Nigeria.

The demand for poultry is rising every day due to Nigeria’s emerging economy, and the measured increase in the standard of living.  This has resulted in a rise in the number of hotels, restaurants, bars, social events and public holidays that are celebrated.

If you have the required capital available, business ideas In Nigeria are not difficult to actualize. Poultry farming can be started on a small scale, and the space you have available will determine the number of chickens that you can keep.  To maximize your profits, you should capitalize on all areas.  For example, poultry feces or droppings can be sold as organic fertilizers to farmers and used as another income source to secure the future of your venture.

The National Agency for Food and Drug Administration Control (NAFDAC) has identified that there is a huge gap in Nigeria’s cold chain sector.  Cold chain consists of refrigerated warehouses or units for storage of temperature sensitive products, refrigerated transportation: Reefer trucks, containers, ships and trains for transport of temperature sensitive products.  If you have the capital this is an area I would highly recommend investing in for the future.  With Nigeria’s increasing population the need for refrigerated meat products will rapidly increase, and this will see the natural rise in consumption of local poultry.

The following business startup tips will help you understand the process of poultry farming in Nigeria.

How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Different Breeds of Chicken
There are 3 basic types of chickens – broilers, cockerels and layers. As a new business, I would How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeriarecommend that you choose, and specialize in one breed to begin your farm.  Once you have gained the knowledge of how to maintain a farm, breed and rear your poultry, you may consider diversifying your portfolio, and possibly introduce additional breeds to your business.

You should keep in mind that broilers require around 8 weeks to grow to table size while cockerels require 6 months, and layers need a minimum of 19 weeks in order to begin laying eggs.

How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria

Prepare Your Space
Depending on how you have planned your business, firstly, you should acquire a piece of land, which can satisfy your current, and future demands.  This is essential especially if you plan to grow your business over time.

Once you have purchased the land, all that is left is to build your poultry house, and to protect it with secure fencing.  The main feature of a poultry house is a cross ventilation system.  This can determine the success or failure of your venture.  Temperature, which is controlled by the ventilation will determine your poultry growth and feed conversion.  If temperatures are too high, poultry will not eat as much as they could, or may not eat at all.  If they don’t eat, they don’t maximize their growth potential.  If the ventilation (temperature) is not ideal for any part of a day, the potential growth for that part of the day is lost and can NEVER be regained.

Secondly, If you have completed the construction of your poultry house, it is important that you prepare the area by disinfecting it with strong disinfectants around a couple of days prior to the arrival of your fowls, secure the area, limit and eliminate food sources. This will prevent lizards and rodents from getting into the house.  This is important because:

•    They eat chicken feed
•    They eat eggs and baby chicks
•    They contaminate feed, water & coops with droppings, urine and hair
•    They are carriers of lice, fleas and mites and other parasites
•    They can transmit an estimated 50 possible diseases, not the least of which is salmonella (fleas carried by rats were responsible for killing an estimated 100,000 people in the Great Plague of London in 1665)
•    They can damage yards by burrowing and chewing wires used to secure the coop
•    They can injure chickens (rats are capable of chewing toes off roosting birds at night)
•    They create stress for chickens, which often results in a drop in egg production

Develop Your Knowledge
The more business management tips and tricks you acquire, the more successful your poultry business in Nigeria will be. Poor business planning, results in poor farming management, and is the main factor that causes the failure of poultry farming, and small businesses in Nigeria. Learning about effective management of various areas, such as changing the food or water in the event of fecal contamination can How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigerialower the risk of disease. In case of spillage of water, you can clean the areas, which have greater risk of breeding germs, and can result in your chickens becoming diseased, and potentially dying.  You should fully understand exactly what your chicken should eat.  Feeding your chickens a complete and nutritious diet is essential if they are to stay healthy and lay lots of lovely profitable eggs! Chickens will eat almost anything, so, to prevent deficiencies and health problems, a wide range of foods should be offered. A good quality poultry pellet should be the mainstay of their diet.  This can be supplemented with grains such as maize, soya cakes, groundnut, worms, insects and any other meat produce you can afford.

Determine Your Target Market
Many poultry farmers vary the volume of chickens they stock depending on the festive period they are targeting. For example, you can stock broilers at October-end if you want to target Christmas and have them ready for sale by the 3rd week of December. Your target will determine the frequency of your stock. If you select layer farming, you will have a year-round market, as layers need over 52 weeks for the completion of the laying cycle.

Consider the Space
The space needed per chicken in Nigeria, and virtually anywhere for that matter, depends on the type of chicken that you use. For light chicken, you need 3 sq ft while for general-purpose chicken you need to allot 4 sq ft per chicken.

Check the Cost
Once you have settled on your location, you need to invest your capital. The bigger your project, the larger the investment required. Invest wisely, and stick to what you have planned.

•    Small scale – You will need around ₦70, 000 to begin rearing chicken on small scale (around 50 birds) and keeping them in cages at your residence backyard.
•    Medium scale – You need about ₦500, 000 – ₦5 million to start a mid-scale poultry farm, which needs housing and other materials over land spreading 1-2 plots.
•    Large scale – Around ₦10 million is needed for this type of intensive project.  This will involve a high degree of planning, sophistication, professionalism and the use of advanced poultry farming techniques.

You should always look for healthy day old chicks from a good hatchery. The cost can vary from ₦140 to N200. In some cases, it can be even up to ₦300.  Do your research, and know what you’re looking for.

Potential Profits
Chickens tend to grow at a fast rate.  You can get your eggs hatched within 3 weeks.  Chickens reared for How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeriathe meat industry can be slaughtered at 6 to 8 weeks old and are considered “fully grown” as they are fed a high protein diet.  However left to their own devices most domestic chickens reach maturity around 5 months of age, the pullets will start to lay eggs and the cockerels will start to crow. They may well grow for another month after this, but you will still get them market-ready in around 28 weeks. You can begin making an income within only 6 months of setting up your own poultry farm. On the basis of this calculation, you can double your returns in a year.

You can sell a healthy, full-grown chicken in Nigeria for 2,000 – 2,500 naira. If your farm yields 12,000 chickens, you can make a minimum of 24 million naira by the time you have completely sold them.

You can also make money by selling the eggs. A single crate of small eggs sells at anywhere between ₦500 and ₦550 while one with bigger eggs sells at ₦600 – ₦650. Typically, each crate holds 30 eggs and when you have 500 layers producing 12,000 eggs in 1 month, you can make ₦200, 000 – ₦260, 000 every month if you decide to sell all.

Rules and Regulations
You are not required to register with any regulatory body before starting you poultry business. However, I would advise that you follow the guidelines set out by the National Environmental Standards Regulation and Enforcement Agency (NESREA) of Nigeria, which lays down cleanliness and hygienic guidelines that poultry farmers should follow.  In addition to this, The Nigeria Customs Service (NCS) reduces the chances of smuggled poultry products being brought in to the country.  This hopefully reduces the risks of you buying damaged or diseased chickens, which will negatively impact your business.

Why wait?
Poultry farming in Nigeria is very lucrative, and many locals and foreign investors are already getting rich from it. Considering the fact that this country has more than 160 million people, you can easily understand why your poultry farming business has the potential of becoming successful. You can begin with 1,000 birds and move your way up, or only start with a few hundred, and grow your business gradually.

If you already know how to plan and manage a startup business, you will have an advantage, and be able to establish your business within the local and national poultry farming industry.

Poultry farming in Nigeria is a rapidly growing industry, so why wait, start now!

By | 2015-12-12T21:37:31+00:00 December 20th, 2014|Agriculture, Business|257 Comments

About the Author:

Terser Adamu is the founder of mynaijanaira.com. He is a passionate business professional who loves helping small and big businesses with practical business advice from business processes to marketing to sourcing. Basically anything that will help your business grow, and become successful. Joseph is widely renowned for his diligence and eye for detail. This is how the mynaijanaira.com story began. mynaijanaira.com was created to provide quality tips, training and mentoring to startups, entrepreneurs and business lovers. The aim is to help you increase your business knowledge and profits. Join the revolution and share the information ☺ Please share any feedback you have regarding our site and products. Please download a copy of my FREE Ebook: Discover How to Run a Successful Business in Africa

257 Comments

  1. Shina March 12, 2018 at 2:39 pm - Reply

    I need a proposal format for cattle rearing, worth 5m

  2. wisiemama December 19, 2017 at 4:49 pm - Reply

    I am very glad i visited this site. How i even landed here is surprising to me. Thanks for the info. Its really amazing. I will like to further my questions to you through your mail box. Weldone for educating us all.

  3. IKPEATUSIM IFEANYI December 9, 2017 at 3:57 pm - Reply

    Please am interested in setting up a laundry services in Abuja

  4. Himanshu gaud November 14, 2017 at 4:56 pm - Reply

    Nice and informative post of broiler poultry farm and very discriptive
    Easy to understand.

    • Terser Adamu November 14, 2017 at 5:59 pm - Reply

      Thanks for the positive feedback. I’m very happy that you found value in my insight.

      Have you ventured in to poultry farming? I’d love to hear about your experience

  5. Andy An October 18, 2017 at 7:53 am - Reply

    This is Andy from China , I work for the biggest automated animal husbandry breeding equipment manufacturer in central China . we are experienced to provide the poultry breeding equipment for our Nigerian customers. If you are planing to set up your own business and do not know where should you to start with, welcome to contact me. I will cosult with our engineer team to give you the best solutions. welcome to contact me.

    • Terser Adamu October 18, 2017 at 11:38 am - Reply

      Sounds great. Thank you for sharing your information and contact details. I’m sure it’ll be extremely useful for many of our readers 🙂

    • Amani November 5, 2017 at 1:09 pm - Reply

      How do I contact you, am working on starting a medium scale farm please get in touch with me as soon as possible thanks

  6. Dr. Dammy October 4, 2017 at 1:18 pm - Reply

    Nice article. My name is Dr Dammy. Please contact me For consultation on poultry establishment and management, enquiries and any health issue concerning animal generally. Thanks

    • Terser Adamu October 4, 2017 at 7:15 pm - Reply

      Thank you for taking the time to read my blog post and offering your services Dr Dammy

  7. Tony Ekuri September 20, 2017 at 11:28 pm - Reply

    poultry is a very lucrative. You can start a poultry farm for eggs or for meat. The money making opportunities in this business are huge.

    • Terser Adamu September 21, 2017 at 3:58 pm - Reply

      Very true. It must be managed using the correct methods and techniques.

      It is advisable that you carry out your research and receive some level of training before you launch your own poultry business.

  8. Nwulu Tochukwu August 21, 2017 at 8:26 am - Reply

    Thank you sir for the impact you made towards the success of starting a poultry farm business. Sir please I want to know the requirements someone will need to create your products or services in poultry farm business. Thanks

    • Terser Adamu August 21, 2017 at 11:15 pm - Reply

      Hello Nwulu,

      Please expand and explain what products and services you want to offer.

  9. Tochukwu Nwulu August 21, 2017 at 8:24 am - Reply

    Thank you sir for the impact you made towards the success of starting a poultry farm business. Sir please I want to know the requirements someone will need to create your products or services in poultry farm business. Thanks

  10. Ibrahim August 20, 2017 at 7:47 pm - Reply

    I love your advice,pls how many birds is espectedin a plot of land? Thanks.

    • Terser Adamu September 7, 2017 at 7:12 pm - Reply

      Hello Ibrahim,

      For optimum conditions you should allow about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. The more space the better as it will ensure that you have healthy chicken.

      Good luck with your venture and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  11. Monday August 16, 2017 at 6:51 pm - Reply

    Comment…thanks for the information. God bless you. I enjoy your post. next you will hear from me is the testimony how your post have help me to grow my business.

  12. Monday August 16, 2017 at 6:45 pm - Reply

    Thanks for the information. God bless you. I enjoy your post. the you will hear from is the testimony how post have help me to grow my business.

    • Terser Adamu August 16, 2017 at 7:19 pm - Reply

      Thank you for the positive feedback.

      I’m confident that my insight will enable you to progress and prosper with your new business. I look forward to hearing updates on your positive progress.

  13. mabel February 11, 2017 at 12:14 am - Reply

    thank you sir for the information, pls o need a proposal on how to start up to 500 to 1000 birds in 1 and half plot of land.

    • Terser Adamu February 12, 2017 at 7:46 pm - Reply

      Hello Mabel,

      I don’t have a specific proposal for that amount of birds, but if you use the main points used in my detailed blog post, and tailor it to your specific requirements you’ll be able to create your own bespoke proposal.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  14. U January 6, 2017 at 9:25 am - Reply

    Good day Mr. Terser, thank you for your insightful post. Please could you update this post to reflect current market trends, it will be most helpful then. Also, please, what capacity of layer birds can a Budget of 300,000 naira sustain, excluding land, construction and equipment costs. Thank you!

  15. Emmanuel November 29, 2016 at 3:31 pm - Reply

    Hello Adamu and thanks for the write up. Im planning to start a 10 to 20 broiler or cockrel poultry in my backyard. please advice on how to go about it and cost. I live at algbado, lagos. thanks

    • Terser Adamu August 15, 2017 at 12:05 pm - Reply

      Hello Emmanuel,

      please refer to the content in the blog post for guidance.

  16. moses October 13, 2016 at 11:05 pm - Reply

    in a piece of land can one have a poultry and at the same time have a farm like vegetables in the the same land an pls does vegetable helps birds

    • Terser Adamu October 27, 2016 at 7:53 pm - Reply

      Hello Moses,

      I wouldn’t advise keeping birds on the land that you are growing vegetable.

      When actually preparing a Vegetable Patch or indeed when winding things up at the end of the growing season, your Hens can be very efficient, they’ll rummage and scrape through all your turned over soil, find all the little creatures and weeds, and leave a few Poos to fertilize the soil.

      The problem is that when you have actual living and active vegetables. Your vegetables will be eaten by your chickens, so this is not a good idea.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community and good luck with your venture.

  17. adetona October 7, 2016 at 2:05 pm - Reply

    thanks a lot for your write – up. please i need help in the area of breeding turkey and broiler, their medications and vacine from Day old to adult.

    • Terser Adamu August 15, 2017 at 12:20 pm - Reply

      Hello Adetona,
      thanks for checking out the site and commenting.

      The most common times to give a vaccine by injection is at day old for Mareks disease or at point of lay to ensure a good level of protection during lay against Infections. Vaccination is commonly used in poultry to control disease. I’d advise that you contact your local vet to seek professional advice that is specifc to your requirements.

  18. Rabiu October 2, 2016 at 6:14 pm - Reply

    sir, I want 2 start d medium scale poultry farming and I want u 2 guild me thru on wat type of bird 2 rear dis period of tym

  19. abaniwo olabimpe September 15, 2016 at 5:04 pm - Reply

    Very interesting topic! pls sent ur email address want to contact u. i had a failed poultry farm because of lack of experience and knowledge on poultry farms. and from ur write ups i was able to see reasons for my failure in d buz.

    • Terser Adamu October 13, 2016 at 9:20 pm - Reply

      Hello Abaniwo,

      Im so happy that my blog post was helpful, it is the reason why I love to share my knowledge and experience.

      You can contact me on admin@mynaijanaira.com

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community and good luck wth your venture.

  20. Shadrach September 15, 2016 at 4:20 pm - Reply

    Please sir how do I start a poultry farm in cool area?

  21. George September 15, 2016 at 5:06 am - Reply

    Hey Joseph, I am interested starting a chicken poultry farming with 1000 birds. how much you think I need to start up with? nothing fancy, I live in Liberia

  22. Ayodele Oluwafemi September 3, 2016 at 5:43 pm - Reply

    to be sincere, you have really help to built that passion In me,I will like you to advice me on how to start with 100 layers and the cost of feeding from day old till laying stage.

  23. ABUTU SUNDAY September 1, 2016 at 11:19 pm - Reply

    Thanks for the eye opening…. read all through… please I already have half plot of land in Nasarawa state…. thinking of starting a poultry farm of 1000 broilers sir…. with a start up capital of about #600000… will it be enough….

  24. Haladu Danlami Atakpo August 28, 2016 at 12:23 pm - Reply

    Good day Mynaijanaira.com, i Haladu Danlami Atakpo i want to start a small Poutry business. Now, how can i start the business and i want the ideas from you.

    • Terser Adamu August 15, 2017 at 12:40 pm - Reply

      Hello Haladu,

      please refer to the content in the blog post. I’m confident that it will give you enough information to pursue a business in poultry farming.

  25. prince August 11, 2016 at 3:51 pm - Reply

    Thanks for this wondeful information. But in your write up..you didnt add the cost of feeding the birds. we cant calculate only the profit we will make,we have to calculate the expenses in feeding the birds too.
    My question is what will it cost to feed 1000 birds till 9 weeks? and do you know the feed poultry feed prices?

    • Terser Adamu September 3, 2016 at 9:30 am - Reply

      Hello Prince,

      I have not included the price because it can be very misleading as prices can vary considerably depending on location, quantity purchased and quality of feed. I’d advise that you determine how much you want to spend on bird feed, and carry out your market research to determine the best feed to suit your budget.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira Community, and good luck with your venture!

  26. Akpeji martin July 2, 2016 at 1:13 pm - Reply

    Pls what are the major problems with new beginners in poultry

    • Terser Adamu July 30, 2016 at 7:57 am - Reply

      Hello Akpeji,

      Like any business, lack of knowledge and experience is the biggest problem for any beginner.

      First you should build your knowledge, start small and build your experience. This will give you a better chance of success.

      Good luck with your business venture.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  27. Earn With Adsense June 12, 2016 at 12:44 am - Reply

    Hi Joseph, do you offer business plan writing service?

  28. poultry farm May 30, 2016 at 8:34 pm - Reply

    how many bags will feed 300 layer 18 week of age in aday

  29. Divine Providence May 20, 2016 at 6:42 am - Reply

    Am already into poultry farming and my pullets will be 7weeks today. I need to know how possible it is to mix and compound their feeds. Secondary I want to get a business plan of feeding 500 pullets from day old to 18weeks. My email is donbosco3101@gmail.com

    • Terser Adamu June 1, 2016 at 8:21 pm - Reply

      Hello Divine,

      Your chickens will need properly formulated chicken feed that is the correct type for their age, for growth, sustenance and to produce eggs if they are hens of egg laying age.

      Unfortunately I don’t have a business plan for feeding 500 pullets from day old to 18 weeks.

      Good luck with your venture and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  30. samuel May 18, 2016 at 7:19 am - Reply

    My name is samuel and am a young farmer, i love this poultry business and i developed the interest since when i was 13… bt i still need some guide lines about p.farming.

    • Terser Adamu May 19, 2016 at 10:07 pm - Reply

      Hello Samuel,

      please let me know what areas of farming you need help with and I will do my best to point you in the right direction.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  31. Olukoya April 21, 2016 at 6:12 pm - Reply

    Hello Mr. Joseph, Thank you very much for your article on the website. I want to ask, how one control the smell from the poultry?

    • Terser Adamu April 23, 2016 at 12:52 am - Reply

      Hello Olukoya,

      Is it the chickens or their housing? If it is the coop, nothing works better than soap, water and elbow grease. Tell me more about how your chickens are housed. How large a coop and run, how many birds, what is the bedding and floor, what climate do you live in.

  32. tunde April 20, 2016 at 12:34 pm - Reply

    Hello sir plz I will like to start a poultry farm as soon as possible but sir I will need some giuldliness the kind of chicken to rear and time to rear sir

    • Terser Adamu May 2, 2016 at 11:48 am - Reply

      Hello Tunde,

      please let me know what information you need that you can’t find in the blog post, and I will provide it for you.

  33. Amina April 17, 2016 at 2:11 am - Reply

    Hi Joseph!
    I recieved my day old on friday and i recorded 8 mortality just on saturday. Please is there something or medication i am missing out. They are on anti stress for 5 days.

    • Terser Adamu April 18, 2016 at 9:59 pm - Reply

      Hello Amina,

      Sorry to hear about this. I would advise that you consult with a local vet as they will be able to accurately diagnose what is wrong and advise you on the best medical solution.

      Good luck with your venture.

  34. afam nliam April 16, 2016 at 1:21 pm - Reply

    sir,thanks a lot .how will I go about starting with 200 layers and 100 broilers at the same time.pls do advise me

  35. Mc April 9, 2016 at 12:20 pm - Reply

    Please, if i don’t have up to #70,000 can i still start the poultry business? And please how can you put me through in this business cause i don’t really have the knowledge but i like going into business

  36. Francis April 8, 2016 at 10:54 am - Reply

    Thanks a lot for this article. These are my questions
    1. How many kg is the standard weight of bird feed(layers)
    2. How much is a bag of the starter, grower and layer feeds.
    Thank you

  37. chimaobi April 3, 2016 at 12:17 pm - Reply

    Thanks for the informative write up, am a corper n i il be passing out soon, i want to start with 50birds at my back yard in umuahia, like how much should i budget for it?

  38. Adiku April 1, 2016 at 2:03 pm - Reply

    Insightful, rich, and highly inspirational. The simplicity and plainness is classical. Thank you.

    • Terser Adamu April 2, 2016 at 3:01 pm - Reply

      Hello Adiku, thank you so much for your positive and sincere feedback, it makes it all worthwhile.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community. Please spread the word and share the knowledge!

  39. Ope Bakare March 28, 2016 at 3:57 pm - Reply

    Hello Mr Joseph, thank you for such an insightful article. I’m planning on starting a poultry farm in Abuja, currently working on the business plan but haven’t come up with something up to standard yet. Was wondering if you’d by any chance have a standard Poultry Farming business plan template or existing document that you would like to share or probably sell?. Also, I would really appreciate it if you could connect me to a good consultant with a proven track record that is resident in Abuja. Thank you so much for your help. 🙂

    • Terser Adamu March 30, 2016 at 5:47 pm - Reply

      Hello Ope,

      I’m glad that you found the information useful. Feel free to contact me on – admin@mynaijanaira.com

    • Olusunle Juwon April 14, 2016 at 5:27 pm - Reply

      Am currently writing a business plan for 500 layers at point of lay if you are interested let me know so that I will forward it to your email as soon as am done

      • Tosin Falade May 2, 2016 at 11:26 am - Reply

        Mr Juwon… pls I am interested in the business plan. I will be highly indebted to u if u can help me forward it to my mail .. tosinfalade@gmail.com

      • azeez May 31, 2016 at 11:49 am - Reply

        please I would need d business plan on point of lay thanks

      • Oluwaseun October 28, 2016 at 12:06 pm - Reply

        Mr. Juwon, I will be glad to have the plan thanks.

      • U January 6, 2017 at 9:15 am - Reply

        Good day Mr. Juwon, I’ll be very grateful if you could help me with the business plan, I’m a NYSC corp member interested in venturing into poultry farming after service, with just 3months to the end of my service, I need this business plan to help me access funds. My contacts are ajevreal@gmail.com;
        +2348112007124.

  40. franklin March 25, 2016 at 9:10 pm - Reply

    Good day sir, i wanted to start a small poultry farming in my locality can I start it with 240 thousand naira

    • Terser Adamu March 26, 2016 at 9:15 am - Reply

      Hello Franklin,

      Yes you can. Poultry farming is a very flexible business. You can make it as expensive or inexpensive as you want, it depends on your expectations, budget and what you are trying to achieve. Once you understand this you can determine the cost of launching your poultry farm.

      Good luck with your venture, and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  41. ik March 24, 2016 at 12:44 am - Reply

    I have a space at the back of my house, but the problem is that there is this offensive smell from the drainage close to where I intend to build the cage, will d smell disturb the birds, secondly, I want to start with 4wk old layer can u plz tell me the price range for it.

    • Terser Adamu March 26, 2016 at 9:29 am - Reply

      Hello,

      The offensive smell alone should not disturb the birds, but you should investigate what is causing the smell, is it eminating from something that is poisonous or a polluting substance? This is what you need to determine in order to protect your birds.

      4 week layer can cost you from N180 to N220 depending on the time of year, quantity that you purchase and your location.

  42. Aj March 23, 2016 at 3:47 pm - Reply

    Mr. Joseph, thanks for this educative work. Sir, I have it in mind to establish a poultry business, I acquired half plot of land to build a pen, I was unable to complete it at once, I started the building five years ago, I later realized that the building was too high, then I completed the building to be about ten rooms, and roofed it, and people always tell me that poultry could not be done in a complete building, another problem is that people had been living in that area. I have interest in poultry work, can i still use the building for poultry?

    • Terser Adamu March 23, 2016 at 9:10 pm - Reply

      Hello AJ,

      I’d advise that you contact a local and reliable agriculture/poultry consultant who can inspect your building and advise what is possible, and the exact costs.

      Good luck with your venture, and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  43. Akinsola Olutayo Tunmise March 22, 2016 at 9:43 pm - Reply

    Please how much will it cost me to build a local battery cage that can house 100 at a go?

    • Terser Adamu March 23, 2016 at 9:14 am - Reply

      Hello Akinsola,

      the price varies depending on the functionality of the battery cage. A battery cage with a capacity of 90 to 120 birds per unit, that comes equipped with all water accessories and fixtures, Manure scrapper and feed cart can cost you N70,000 to N100,000.

      Feel free to contact me if you need more information. Welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  44. samson March 21, 2016 at 2:33 pm - Reply

    Thanks for the article.my question is if I have a half plot of land how many chicken can I rear on the land,hence will it it be a small scale or medium scale type?

    • Terser Adamu March 21, 2016 at 3:08 pm - Reply

      Hello Samson,

      You should allow about 2 to 3 square feet per chicken inside the chicken coop, and 8 to 10 square feet per chicken in an outside run. The more space the better as it will ensure that you have healthy chicken.

      Good luck with your venture and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  45. Cynthia Omeje March 17, 2016 at 10:49 am - Reply

    Very interesting and educative write up, i have been working on ways to start up my own poultry and i just came across yours write, i want to start little with as little as 500 to 1000 chick because i have no idea about poultry farming and i am so afraid of chicken but i will put someone incharge and monitor it daily by visiting everyday. i also have not gotten a land yet and do not intend to get 1 soon until i have tried with the 500 and i decide that i want to go into it fully, please do you have any idea where i can get a space fo my pen and advice for me. thanks a lot

    • Terser Adamu March 20, 2016 at 10:57 am - Reply

      Hello Cynthia,

      thank you for visiting the website and leaving a comment.

      I would advise that you ask around your local area for suitable spaces that you can rent to run your business.

      Good luck with your business venture and welcome to the My Naija Naira community.

  46. Adetoro Adewale March 16, 2016 at 6:25 pm - Reply

    Sir, I found your post very interesting,kudos! Please I will like your advice on this and very urgent. My Mother has a small piece of Land somewhere in Osogbo,but there is no electricity there yet. I start a small poultry farming on that land firstly with Layers and maybe Cockerel.Please can you tell me if I can start without an electricity,what procedure I needed to take first and how to take it? I want to know what food and treatment does a Layers need? Please what steps to take? How to maintain it? I mean a very small scale level.

    Please kindly get back to me via my email address: fwallex4truth@yahoo.com

    Thank you for your time and consideration.

  47. UNCL G March 15, 2016 at 9:50 pm - Reply

    HOW MUCH DOES IT TAKE TO START POULTRY FARM?

    • Terser Adamu March 17, 2016 at 10:33 am - Reply

      Hello Uncle G,

      the cost depends on many factors. Read my blog post, and understand the steps required to start poultry farming and then research the steps for each step of the process that will enable you to launch the business. This way you can determine what is possible with your budget.

      Good luck with your venture and welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  48. Andrew Osas March 15, 2016 at 2:42 pm - Reply

    Hello Joseph! Your article has been really helpful to me as I am about to startup a small scale poultry business. Please can a poultry be situated in a swampy? Thanks and God bless

    • Terser Adamu March 17, 2016 at 10:57 am - Reply

      Hello Andrew,

      this is an interesting question. Personally I would avoid keeping chicken in permanently wet/damp and hot conditions because this type of environment is known for breeding airborne bacteria and fungi, which will be dangerous for your chickens.

  49. Izekeli Daniel March 9, 2016 at 12:34 pm - Reply

    Can you give a clue as to how much one can start up this kind of business?

    • Terser Adamu March 13, 2016 at 6:07 pm - Reply

      Hello Izekell,

      thank you for checking out the website and commenting. The beauty of poultry farming is that you can start as big or small as you wish. So how much you spend depends entirely on your budget and how big you want your business to be.

  50. barlow March 9, 2016 at 6:04 am - Reply

    Comment…would like to know about turkey farming and the best recommended feeds for them. am planning on rearing turkey but thinking of getting the 8weeks to start with not from DOC. Pls advice.

  51. Damie March 6, 2016 at 9:18 pm - Reply

    Great article. I’m starting farming soonest.

    • Terser Adamu March 6, 2016 at 9:31 pm - Reply

      Hello Damie,

      Thanks for your positive feedback and good luck with your venture.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community!

  52. Ibrahim Badejo March 2, 2016 at 10:34 am - Reply

    Great one Mr. Joseph, I am about to start my Youth Service but immediately I complete it, I’ll start will 5000 layers and may be 1000 Cockerels. I enjoyed your essay, keep it up. From Yobe State, Nigeria.

  53. stephen February 28, 2016 at 8:05 pm - Reply

    what are the first treatment should i give my day old broiler?

    • Terser Adamu March 4, 2016 at 6:59 pm - Reply

      Hello Stephen,
      thanks for checking out the site and commenting.

      The most common times to give a vaccine by injection is at day old for Mareks disease or at point of lay to ensure a good level of protection against Infections. I’d advise that you contact your local vet to seek professional advice.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community.

  54. Iorfa Saidu February 27, 2016 at 10:28 am - Reply

    The article is so much interesting and educative

    • Terser Adamu February 27, 2016 at 2:22 pm - Reply

      Hello iorfa,
      Thank you for checking out the website and I’m happy that you found the article useful.

  55. Bimbo February 24, 2016 at 9:04 am - Reply

    Good day Mr Joseph… Please I want to know how much it will cost raising 1000 layers to the point of laying eggs… And how long is the life cycle of layer birds… Is it 52weeks after dey started laying eggs or 52weeks from a day old… Thanks!

  56. mosesmraf February 17, 2016 at 7:07 pm - Reply

    Mr Joseph Adamu thank you for the writeup.

    • Terser Adamu February 27, 2016 at 2:32 pm - Reply

      Hello sir, thank you for taking the time to read it and I’m very happy that you enjoyed it.

      Welcome to the My Naija Naira community 🙂

  57. kalejaiye Abayomi Micheal February 14, 2016 at 10:25 pm - Reply

    I love this site,

    • Terser Adamu February 14, 2016 at 10:43 pm - Reply

      Hello kalejaiye,

      Thanks for the wonderful feedback. I’m so happy that you “love” the website.

      Welcome to My Naija Naira!

  58. emmanuel February 13, 2016 at 12:36 pm - Reply

    I would like to start a poultry business at my site in the backyard and am looking for where to buy the broilers and i also need help on how to run them

    • Terser Adamu February 13, 2016 at 4:52 pm - Reply

      Hello Emmanuel,

      thanks for checking out the website and commenting.

      I am assuming that you want to start moderately If you are planning to run your poultry business from your backyard? If so, I would recommend that you visit your local market and start networking with the poultry sellers there. These people can be a goldmine of information when it comes to poultry farming business. They will know what the local rates are, future festive periods and who else is trading and operating in the local area.

      Don’t be afraid to be inquisitive and ask questions, that is the only way you will learn and gather up to date information that is relevant to you.

      Good luck with your venture and welcome to My Naija Naira!

    • vincent February 24, 2016 at 8:46 pm - Reply

      I brood chicks from day old to 4weeks,incase you have problem with that,I can be of help…contact…I get my birds from a reputable hatchery and very sure of brooding good birds before I sell…

      • Terser Adamu March 5, 2016 at 11:07 pm - Reply

        Hello Vincent,

        thank you for visiting the website and kindly offering your services to the My Naija Naira community.

        Welcome to the My Naija Naira community and good luck with your venture.

      • Terser Adamu March 5, 2016 at 11:07 pm - Reply

        Hello Vincent,

        thank you for visiting the website and kindly offering your services to the My Naija Naira community.

        Welcome to the My Naija Naira community and good luck with your venture.

  59. babatunde February 10, 2016 at 3:58 pm - Reply

    Educative write up joe,
    Indeed I know am built for this business so much so that already have a site for it but I need a practical guide on how to kick start. Kindly share likns that will be of help. Many thanks

    • Terser Adamu February 12, 2016 at 10:08 pm - Reply

      Thank you Babatunde, your feedback is appreciated.

      Let me know what specific information you need and I will be more than happy to share them with you.

      Good luck with your business venture.

  60. kanu February 8, 2016 at 1:42 pm - Reply

    I am much pleased and have been educated with ur website.l really intend very soon to start a poultry farm but I am having challenge in land.presently where I live there is no space.l thought of starting it a countryside quite far from where I live but the challenge is the security of the environment because l am not living in the community where my farm will be located.what can l do in such a situation?

    • Terser Adamu February 13, 2016 at 9:37 pm - Reply

      Hello Kanu,

      thank you for the positive feedback it is much appreciated.

      When starting a business it is important that you are there frequently in order to manage what is happening on a day to day basis. I’m assuming that you will be there frequently but you are worried about security at night time? The only way to remove this fear is to hire someone that can help monitor your business during the periods that you are not there.

      In order for this to work you need to do the following things:
      1. Hire the right person – Hire someone that is self-motivated, trustworthy, willing to take initiative, proved they can multitask and work without a lot of supervision and problem-solve when supervisors are not around
      2. Communicate – Just like any workplace, communication is essential, but it must be more frequent and purposeful.
      3. Use technology to your advantage – thankfully, due to increased access to technology Working remotely is easier than ever. So make sure that you can keep in constant contact and receive updates from the person that you have hired.

      Good luck with your venture, and welcome to My Naija Naira.

  61. Ify bright February 8, 2016 at 8:00 am - Reply

    What a wonderful article. sir i just got 50 laying pullets as a trial, since i dont have experience in poultry.. But i was told that not all of them will lay eggs. Sir i just want to know if this is true.

  62. idris ibrahim February 7, 2016 at 4:20 pm - Reply

    Hello Joseph, how many eggs does a chicken lay within 24hrs? Many thanks and wonderful website.

    • Terser Adamu February 7, 2016 at 7:16 pm - Reply

      Hello Idris,

      Thanks for checking out the website.

      A chicken should only lay one egg a day and will have some days when it does not lay an egg at all. The reasons for this laying schedule relate to the chickens reproductive system. A better way to calculate the rate is if you account for a chicken laying an egg every 26 hours.

  63. Danjuma Gad Dalbadal February 7, 2016 at 11:13 am - Reply

    I am highly inspired to start my own poultry business now from your information provided indeed it is motivating steps.

    • Terser Adamu February 7, 2016 at 12:01 pm - Reply

      Thanks for checking out the website and for your positive feedback.
      It is comments like this that make it all worthwhile.

      Good luck with your venture and feel free to contact me if you need any advice or guidance.

  64. Segun February 6, 2016 at 10:45 am - Reply

    Good job, Joseph. Going into poultry business is one of the best decision in this times considering the drop in crude oil price

    • Terser Adamu February 6, 2016 at 9:20 pm - Reply

      Hello Según,

      thanks for checking out the website and commenting.

      I totally agree with your comment. Many people believe that agriculture is the new oil.

      If Nigeria commits more resources to agriculture and continues to improve institutional and legal frameworks, it will be in a position not only to feed itself but to export food. For Nigeria to grow as a nation, we must become self sufficient and be able to provide food for ourselves instead of importing the majority of food that we consume.

  65. amos February 5, 2016 at 8:30 am - Reply

    How can one be help when he has acquired land financially or to raise the farm.

  66. nanah adam February 4, 2016 at 11:37 pm - Reply

    Pls am a student interested in poultry business.what would advice me on if i want to start with 50 chicks?

    • Terser Adamu February 6, 2016 at 9:27 pm - Reply

      Hello Nanah,

      Starting a poultry business with 50 chicks is a small operation, but a great idea, especially if you have no experience in the poultry business.

      The best advice that I can give you is very simple – Think Big, Start Small, Learn Fast!

      Good luck with your venture.

  67. Michael O February 2, 2016 at 7:36 pm - Reply

    Thanks for the useful info but I will like you to talk about the possible diseases in poultry farming and how we can deal with them. I just started with 500 broilers and 100 cockerels that are 5 days old today.

  68. Ogedsdolls January 21, 2016 at 4:45 pm - Reply

    I have to commend you for your time putting this article together, God will continually increase your knowledge and wisdom. I’m currently serving and intend to venture in to poultry farming after my NYSC, what kind of breed can you advise me to go into with #150,000

  69. Adedotun January 6, 2016 at 12:42 pm - Reply

    Pls sir. i just finish my NYC and i want to go for hen farming. pls do i need to learn d practical from someone?

    • Terser Adamu January 16, 2016 at 8:39 pm - Reply

      Hello Adedotun,

      Technically, you don’t have to learn the practical side of hen farming from someone, but if you know someone who has experience in hen farming I would highly recommend that you ask for their advice, and observe and understand the practical side of their work. This will help you you when applying the same methods to your own venture.

  70. bidemi January 4, 2016 at 2:42 pm - Reply

    I need a pen for rent, that can contain 10000 layers birds, I want it to be located at Oyo state. Anybody with helping information? contact me on boyebadmus247@yahoo.com

    • Terser Adamu January 4, 2016 at 5:55 pm - Reply

      Hello Bidemi,

      Unfortunately I do not know anyone in Oyo state that specialises in the renting of poultry pens. Hopefully someone from our online community can help you. Good luck with your venture.

  71. David OMOAKA January 2, 2016 at 12:08 pm - Reply

    thanks for this info,very useful. I currently reside in Edo state
    my question is how much would you estimate to raise 50 broilers, and what is the market condition like during the Easter period….cos I planned to start is Oct 2015 by was unable due to lack of funds bt I now have the intention of starting this January towards the Easter market.

  72. Godfrey December 30, 2015 at 9:30 pm - Reply

    Whao! Am really excited, i av serious passion for animal farming especially poultry. Am gettin closer to it, am still a student but immediately after my youth service am goin to start my farm. Thanks Mr joseph!

    • Terser Adamu December 30, 2015 at 10:29 pm - Reply

      Hello Godfrey,

      that’s great news. It’s important to have a passion for what you do. The passion is what gives you the drive to succeed even when things are tough and challenging.

      Good luck with your studies and venture.

  73. Abdulafeez December 23, 2015 at 6:10 pm - Reply

    Helo joseph wil #50 000 be enoug to raise 50 layers to point of lay frm day old

  74. Abdulafeez December 23, 2015 at 6:08 pm - Reply

    Interesting blog ,helo joseph i want to start layers poultry farming will 50 000 naira be enough for 50 layers day old to raise dem frm day old to point of lay dat is approximately 5 months?

  75. Envoy December 20, 2015 at 3:08 pm - Reply

    Mr Joseph,i dont really know how to express the joy and happiness you have granted to millions of Nigerians who have come across your article.My God will never stop blessing you more and more.He will surely give you more inspiration to achieve more in your life.Amen! I am actually planing to start poultry business by January in Abuja.I have acquired land,but im having challenges on how to get a healthy chicks and procedures on how to keep it growing till the level of laying eggs.Because i intend going into layers with 1,500 chicks. pls connect me to anyone that can help me grow the knowledge.

    • Terser Adamu December 21, 2015 at 9:29 pm - Reply

      Hello Envoy,

      thank you for your positive feedback, i’m so happy that you have found my information useful.

      The best thing that I can advise is that you find a local poultry farm that is successful and enquire and research the steps that they have taken to get to that point. Use them as a case study for your own venture. Also, the internet is a great source of information. Use it wisely to build your knowledge and skills.

      Good luck with your venture.

  76. Felix December 19, 2015 at 4:38 pm - Reply

    Wonderful article I must say, but you did not give the break down of what it takes to breed a bird, e.g pullet from day old, cost, feeding, vaccinations, medication, deworming, debeaking, disinfection, labour/salary e.t.c. Thanks

    • Terser Adamu December 19, 2015 at 10:23 pm - Reply

      Hello Felix,

      Thanks for checking out the website and leaving a comment.

      Calculating costs for such a business can be misleading and inaccurate as there can be a significant range in cost due to numerous varying factors. For example the number of birds, the part of Nigeria that you are based and methods you use to source your services and products.

      I hope my blog post has provided enough information to build your capacity and enable you to venture out and start calculating the costs for your venture.

  77. Ogonna December 10, 2015 at 1:51 pm - Reply

    God bless you for this article, I am encouraged. pls how many bags of feeds can feed 50 chicks from day one to six months.

  78. Emeka December 8, 2015 at 2:51 pm - Reply

    I really found this blog educative and very informative. I’m glad I found it. I just want to know whether the disadvantages outweigh the advantages from the beginning. I want to know because I know from personal experience that it takes a lot of money to startup, sustain and grow a business even if it is “small-scale”. I really want to venture into farming but would love to minimise the risks as much as possible. Please advise me on how best (including capital) to start with 250 birds (i have a plot of land already). Thank you.

  79. Caleb December 7, 2015 at 10:28 pm - Reply

    Very insightful. Thanks for the info.

    • Terser Adamu December 8, 2015 at 8:32 pm - Reply

      Thanks you Caleb. Your kind comment is greatly appreciated.

  80. Bunmi longe December 5, 2015 at 11:02 pm - Reply

    Hello Joseph
    Well done for all d good insightful info you share
    My area of interest is actually processing of the finish product
    Any idea how much to set up a poultry processing facility in Lagos
    Thanks

    • Terser Adamu December 6, 2015 at 3:38 pm - Reply

      Hello Bunmi,

      There are many things that need to be considered when setting up a poultry processing plant. You need to cost the following when considering such a project:

      Land
      Buildings
      Plant and equipment Installation and maintenance
      Working capital

      Operating costs:
      Personnel
      Maintenance and spares
      Water and sewage
      Electricity
      Fuel oil
      Short life operating equipment (2–3 years)
      Packaging materials
      Insurance
      stationery and detergents

      Once you have researched and calculated the potential costs of these elements you will have a better idea of how much it costs to set up a poultry processing facility in Lagos.

  81. tina December 3, 2015 at 12:28 pm - Reply

    hi i spoke with you in sept. 8 about the poultry and the birds that we lost… the 3000 that we got were late laying eggs it took 24 weeks but tbe one that has been laying eggs since august there eggs are still small, what can be the cause and what can we do?

    • Terser Adamu December 5, 2015 at 9:34 pm - Reply

      Hello Tina,

      thanks for coming back to the site and commenting.

      Misshaped eggs could be down to a number of reasons such as:
      – Defective shell glands
      – Disease/infections
      – Stress or disturbances
      – Overcrowding in the chicken pen

      I would advise that you contact a vet or specialist for professional advice

  82. chikeugo November 19, 2015 at 2:55 pm - Reply

    Nice one, very educative

    • Terser Adamu November 19, 2015 at 9:00 pm - Reply

      Thank you for checking out the website and i’m very happy that you found the information useful.

  83. akoria November 19, 2015 at 4:06 am - Reply

    great writeup. I have been following this trend now for like 6months and i must say that am impressed with all the comments. sir, am thinking of starting my own poultry farming with about #200,000. please what breed do you suggest i start with and how many birds can i rear with such amount. thanks

  84. adenaike adeyinka November 13, 2015 at 9:32 am - Reply

    nice article. please i run a small poultry of 100 layers. recently i got an acre of land and hope to use it to expand my poultry.
    Please i need your good expertise or anyone you know could be of help in the contruction of the farm. i have like 1 million naira. can i manage it.
    thanks expecting your reply

  85. Omohant November 12, 2015 at 1:33 pm - Reply

    hi, i want to start my own poultry busness. pls can i rear boilers and layers in one cage?

    • Terser Adamu November 12, 2015 at 8:35 pm - Reply

      Hi,
      Thanks for checking out the website and Commenting. Technically you can keep broilers and layers together but I would advise against it because they have different feed requirements and any confusions could impact the development of your chickens.

  86. david November 6, 2015 at 7:49 am - Reply

    Vry gud insight but pls I just want to knw..wich is more lucrative….layers or broilers

    • Joseph Adamu November 7, 2015 at 10:04 pm - Reply

      Hello David,

      Thanks for checking out the website and commenting. I would say that long term there is more profit in Layers production because finding a market for eggs is easier to find than for chicken meat, and for frozen meat you would have to invest in cold storage facilities to ensure the meat stays fresh after slaughter.

      Cost of labour, medication and feeding is a major factor to compare. Within 7-8wks you would have finished a cycle of broiler production but you need to be financially stable to feed layers up to 18-20wks before they start to produce eggs.

      Both are profitable but it depends what timescales you want to work to, and what markets you plan to service.

  87. Prince Jones October 28, 2015 at 12:41 pm - Reply

    Thank you for your precise article. We are poultry farmers who have been stocking boilers for a while now.

    Right now we want to move into layers, starting with 1,000 birds. We were advised to start with point-of-lay pullets since it ia our first time of stocking layers.

    Here are my questions:

    1. How do we go about the construction of the poultry for layers, what technical and dimensional aspects should we look into. Please give me some pointers.

    2. Must we use cages, or can we follow deep-litter method?

    3. Do you have any product/book/resource that answers this questions?

    We want to startup on 4 plots of land then gradually expand into other areas of poultry farming.

    please what suggestions do you have sir?

    • Joseph Adamu October 31, 2015 at 10:33 pm - Reply

      Hello Prince,

      thanks for checking out the website. Constructing a poultry pen can be low or high cost depending on your requirements and budget. I would advise that you contact a local company that specialises in poultry pens to discuss your budget, requirements and future plans.

      Good luck with your venture.

  88. Victoria Victor October 23, 2015 at 12:26 pm - Reply

    wow, nice piece on poultry farming. it was quite insightful and informative. i just started my poultry like two days ago with some layers. i want to branch out and try out broilers. am currently serving (nysc) and by the time my service year rounds off i hope to expand. just starting out with about 20 birds. i know its small but thats how to start. thank you sir.

    • Joseph Adamu November 5, 2015 at 9:09 pm - Reply

      Hi Victor,

      thanks for checking out the website. You are being very wise by starting out with just 20 birds. This will allow you to gain experience through trial and error without the risk of losing huge capital, and by the time you are ready to expand you would have gained so much invaluable knowledge that you will be in stronger position to ensure that it is successful.

      Good luck with your venture

  89. George Macclean October 21, 2015 at 11:30 am - Reply

    NICE ARTICLE. LIKE HOW MANY BAGS OF STARTER FEEDS WOULD BROILERS CONSUME BEFORE GOING INTO BROILER FINISHER

    • Terser Adamu November 14, 2015 at 2:44 pm - Reply

      Hello George,

      Thanks for visiting the website and commenting.

      The amount you feed your chickens depends on many variables and combinations of feed. How much a chick eats depends a great deal on its age. At about 8 weeks of age, a broiler chick is eating over 1/3 pound of feed each day. As a broiler enters its 9th week it will have eaten over 14 pounds of feed.

      Depending on how you make up your feed and how you buy it, will determine how many bags of feed you require.

  90. Olatunbosun October 20, 2015 at 10:17 pm - Reply

    Dear Joseph,
    I intend to quit my job and go fully into farming with about 1 hectares of land, seriously considering a mentor / guide in this business
    Kindly inbox me anyone of reputable experience in this area so I can contact
    Thank you
    Bosun

    • Joseph Adamu October 31, 2015 at 11:07 pm - Reply

      Dear Olatunbosun,

      thank you for checking out the website and commenting. Congratulations for making the big move in to poultry farming.

      I will have a good think about who would be best suited to support you through your entrepreneurial journey. Once I do, I will send you an email.

      I wish you the best of luck with your venture, please keep me updated with your progress.

  91. Stella Obimah October 19, 2015 at 3:58 pm - Reply

    Comment…thanks for the replies to all the questions please can you tell me the best farms that have the best output? I just took nanstek day one chicks and I discovered that by the first week their feathers were falling off. I’m a novice in poultry farming.thks

    • Joseph Adamu October 19, 2015 at 8:53 pm - Reply

      Hello Stella,

      Thanks for checking out the website. Poultry industry is so vast in Nigeria that it is difficult to recommend the best farm. The best thing to do is to ask around your local market and area. Speak to people locally who are already running successful poultry businesses. By doing this you will discover the best farms in your local area.

  92. s.destiny October 12, 2015 at 8:42 pm - Reply

    pls,Mr.Josy ,how much can I start with?.

    • Joseph Adamu October 17, 2015 at 10:50 pm - Reply

      Hello,

      please give me more information so that I can help you.

  93. john October 11, 2015 at 1:45 am - Reply

    Comment…thanks for the information, but based on your experience and analysis, how much can take care of 500 layers from week 1 to week 19?
    thanks.

  94. micah October 7, 2015 at 5:25 pm - Reply

    Hello god bless you for your encouragement I want to start with 200 layers how much with it costs me before the start laying

  95. AMANDA October 6, 2015 at 10:16 am - Reply

    PLS I WOULD WANT TO INVEST ON THIS FARMING,HOW CAN I GET THE CHICKS,FEEDS AND GET STARTED.
    I WANT TO START IN MY HOME WITH 30 BROILERS.

    • Joseph Adamu October 10, 2015 at 8:30 am - Reply

      Hello Amanda,

      thanks for checking out the website and commenting. For this size of business I would advise that you ask locally for this information. Visit your local markets and become familiar with the poultry farmers that trade there. Ask them these questions to build your list of suppliers for chicks and feeds. Most importantly, you need to make sure you select healthy birds.

      Good luck with your venture.

  96. Kolawole October 4, 2015 at 5:42 pm - Reply

    Your piece will no doubt help lots of potential poultry farmers take the right step forward,thanks a lot. Pls can you do an analysis for Mr ad I want to start my poultry farming with #1m. I need a breakdown on how I can start with that amount.Thank you &God bless.

    • Joseph Adamu October 26, 2015 at 9:11 pm - Reply

      Hello Kolawole,

      First of all, thank you for checking out the website and commenting.

      If you read through my messages you will see that I rarely give cost breakdowns as these can be misleading because they depend on so many variables. Hopefully my blog post is detailed enough to empower you to start your business planning and research in order to calculate a cost breakdown that is specific and unique to your needs.

  97. sunday October 2, 2015 at 9:41 pm - Reply

    Pls I intend starting up a poultry of 2,000 birds layer precisely. I want know the quantity of feed in bags that will feed them from day old to point of lay and size of plot that can contain them.

    • Joseph Adamu October 25, 2015 at 3:30 pm - Reply

      Hello Sunday,

      It will take approximately 9-10 lbs per layer chick for the first 10 weeks and it is advisable to keep 2-3 sq.ft. of space in the house for each chicken. That is a safe amount of space and will create a healthy and comfortable living space.

  98. Joseph Adamu September 30, 2015 at 10:36 pm - Reply

    Hello Adenkule,

    thank you for checking out the website and leaving a comment. Yes you can definitely start with 25-30 thousand, but your operation will be small. This is perfect for someone who wants to test the business to see if it is something they want to do long term, or to understand and learn how it works. This way you can contain and minimise your mistakes and losses, anything you have learnt can then be transferred to a larger operation if you do decide to scale up in the future.

    Please keep me updated with your progress.

  99. Adekunle September 29, 2015 at 5:57 pm - Reply

    Thank you very much for the motivation and also for encouraging me to believe in myself. God bless you. This information here is very useful as a result of this am gonna give it a trial next month but my question is can I start with 25-30 thousand? Pls email me

    • Joseph Adamu September 30, 2015 at 10:37 pm - Reply

      Hello Adenkule,

      thank you for checking out the website and leaving a comment. Yes you can definitely start with 25-30 thousand, but your operation will be small. This is perfect for someone who wants to test the business to see if it is something they want to do long term, or to understand and learn how it works. This way you can contain and minimise your mistakes and losses, anything you have learnt can then be transferred to a larger operation if you do decide to scale up in the future.

      Please keep me updated with your progress.

  100. Daniel September 27, 2015 at 3:54 pm - Reply

    Nice one, Very encouraging. Thanks

    • Joseph Adamu September 27, 2015 at 7:41 pm - Reply

      Thanks Daniel. I hope you found the website useful 🙂

  101. Jeremiah Prince September 25, 2015 at 5:59 pm - Reply

    This information has been what I needed to motivate me in starting my own poultry farm. I just finished my NYSC and I can’t sit around to wait for oil work. Thinking of starting with 1000 birds even though I don’t really have experience in it. I will contact you for advice any time I need it. Please keep up the good work. 5 stars for this info.

    • Joseph Adamu September 26, 2015 at 9:35 pm - Reply

      Hello Jeremiah,

      thank you for checking out the website, and i’m very happy that you found the information useful. Please feel free to contact me for advice, and I wish you the best of luck with your business venture.

  102. Mario Bon September 22, 2015 at 12:09 am - Reply

    Thank you immensely for this. And to a who have asked question an shred. I am currecty building and hope to begin with two thousand birds

    • Joseph Adamu September 22, 2015 at 9:14 pm - Reply

      Hello Mario,

      no problem, I hope you’ve found it useful. Good luck with your venture and please keep me updated with your progress.

  103. mark September 19, 2015 at 5:35 pm - Reply

    Well articulated,
    I will like to know if you hold seminars or workshops? If yes where and when?

    • Joseph Adamu September 19, 2015 at 11:39 pm - Reply

      Hi Mark,

      thanks for the positive feedback and visiting the website.
      I currently don’t run any workshops or seminars, but i’m planning to run a series of online training programs and seminars in a few months time. Please sign up to our mailing list to keep updated.

  104. jonathan September 18, 2015 at 1:50 pm - Reply

    seriously am amazed with these……cant wait to start mine…i love being an agric student i love poutry

    • Joseph Adamu September 19, 2015 at 12:57 pm - Reply

      Hello Jonathan,

      thank you for your comments. Good luck with your agricultural studies, and it is great that you have a passion for agriculture. I believe the future of Africa depends on successful and sustainable agriculture.

  105. micheals September 17, 2015 at 4:26 pm - Reply

    Comment…you have really educated me, mymorale is boosted. Am starting myfarm soon . Good bless u. But pls is it true that day old require injection?

    • Joseph Adamu September 17, 2015 at 8:39 pm - Reply

      Hello Michaels,
      thanks for checking out the site and commenting.

      The most common times to give a vaccine by injection is at day old for Mareks disease or at point of lay to ensure a good level of protection during lay against Infections. Vaccination is commonly used in poultry to control disease. I’d advise that you contact your local vet to seek professional advice.

  106. Wale September 14, 2015 at 12:38 pm - Reply

    Indeed am highly impressed. Pls keep it up, hoping to start very soon. Thanks

    • Joseph Adamu September 14, 2015 at 8:43 pm - Reply

      Thank you for your kind comment Wale. I hope you found the information useful.

  107. G. B. Davies September 12, 2015 at 9:12 pm - Reply

    Your site has impressed me so much that I choose to visit it daily, I am not into poultry yet but planning to set up on a medium scale next year probably with about 2000 birds on a land which already have been acquired. Hence, I follow comments on your site every time to garner experience. Thanks you for the good work that you are doing.

  108. G. B. Davies September 11, 2015 at 10:44 pm - Reply

    Impressive.

  109. Tina iPad September 8, 2015 at 4:58 pm - Reply

    myself and my husband started the poultry business in March of 2015. We started with 2000 birds unfortunately in 7 weeks about 1100 died I encourage him to buy 3000 day old birds more they are all doing fine. The first guy that we hired lied that he has experience in poultry not knowing he was a big liar. But now the birds are doing well. The first set which remained about a thousand has started laying eggs. Please tell your followers know that the feeding of the birds is very costly. With about 4000 birds that we have their feed cost almost a million naira every month….. They should all start laying eggs by October I mean the last 3000 praise God.

    • Joseph Adamu September 8, 2015 at 9:45 pm - Reply

      Hello Tina,

      thank you for sharing your experience with us. Despite the bad start, I’m so happy that things are starting to work out for you. Unfortunately it sometimes takes negative experiences for us to learn, improve and become better at business. Please keep me updated with your progress, I’d be interested to know how your business is developing.

  110. Akpeji Martin September 6, 2015 at 9:51 pm - Reply

    Comment…Wow I love these site but an a young boy who love Poultry I need guidance to help me out and if possible Mr Joseph Adamu I need our number thanks. keep it up

    • Joseph Adamu September 8, 2015 at 9:58 pm - Reply

      Hello Akpeji,

      thank you for the positive feedback and i’m happy that you’ve found the website useful. Feel free to contact me via my email – admin@mynaijanaira.com

  111. Arjen September 5, 2015 at 3:21 am - Reply

    Great article. Thanks so far

    • Joseph Adamu September 5, 2015 at 8:52 am - Reply

      Thanks for your kind comment. I’m glad you found the site helpful

  112. Carapace August 29, 2015 at 1:25 pm - Reply

    Is it true a layer can produce an egg in 16hour. If true, what could help such condition…

    • Joseph Adamu August 31, 2015 at 10:39 am - Reply

      Hello Carapace,

      Egg laying chickens should start to lay no earlier than 22 weeks old and in the ideal condition. If sexual maturity is attained too early, the length and quality of overall performance will suffer. In general, a healthy chicken at peak fertility can produce one egg a day.

  113. Emeka August 29, 2015 at 3:49 am - Reply

    Joseph, i am so impressed with your write up’s. i just acquired 2 plots of land and am presently doing fencing. Can you recommend any person that can build a standard modern Pen house for me. My location is Owerri.

    • Joseph Adamu August 31, 2015 at 10:56 am - Reply

      Hello Emeka,

      thank you for your positive feedback. Unfortunately I don’t know of any person that can build a standard modern Pen house in Owerri. I would advise that if you have the designs you can ask a local joiner or carpenter to build to that design, or carry out a Google search to see who is available near to your area. Alternatively, ask the questions on a large community website such as Nairaland.com or Mobofree.com

  114. Chuks August 29, 2015 at 2:18 am - Reply

    I have to appreciate the wonderful work u have been doing. Thanks alot for that. Please I want to start up with 5000 birds… How many plots of land do u think will be conducive for the birds and how can I get the construction cost here in owerri?

    • Joseph Adamu August 31, 2015 at 10:31 am - Reply

      Hello Chuks,

      Personally, I would recommend around 3sq ft floor space per chicken. This will ensure that you have healthy chickens and reduce the mortality rate. From this you can calculate how much space you need for 5000 chickens, and depending on your circumstances you can split it by 1 or 2 plots.

    • Damilare October 19, 2015 at 2:23 pm - Reply

      Sir, I am a young boy dreaming of becoming an entrepreneur on research, I found your site about poultry farming business… But I don’t have a land and my capital is insufficient (N7000). Please I need your advice… Reply me via my email address.

      • Joseph Adamu November 7, 2015 at 10:15 pm - Reply

        Hello Damilare,

        Thanks for checking out the website and commenting. As you know N7000 is not a lot of money, but do not let that deter you from chasing your dreams. Pursue your dreams but manage your expectations. By this I mean you should expect to start small and gradually and steadily build your business by making smart and informed decisions. Many successful business people have created successful businesses from starting small.

        Good luck with your venture and chase your dreams.

  115. Tim pSam August 28, 2015 at 5:13 pm - Reply

    Hello Mr Joseph…I quite appreciate ur explanatory write up. I presently reside and work in dubai, but I m looking forward to starting up a medium sized poultry farming back in Nigeria.

    What can the rough estimate be like because I am considering using either 1 or 2 plots of land…for the fencing and housing of the birds.

    Is 1000 birds ok to start with.

    • Joseph Adamu August 31, 2015 at 10:20 am - Reply

      Hello Tim,

      personally, I would consider 1000 birds as a small to medium size business. This is a comfortable amount of birds to start with If you have no experience, but I would also say that it is probably too big to manage alone. You might want to hire people or work in loose partnership with people who can support you in the early stages of your business.

      Good luck with your venture.

  116. Daniel August 14, 2015 at 2:24 pm - Reply

    Thanx for this insight into Poultry farming.
    I have #15000000 and a plot of land that I wish to use for farming.
    Can you please advice on what type of chicken will start giving profit earlier and how many birds will you advice to start with.
    Also do you know anywhere around Badagry where I can get a week’s training.

    • Joseph Adamu August 15, 2015 at 6:13 am - Reply

      Hello Daniel,

      Broiler chickens will give you the fastest profit as they are the quickest growing chickens available in Nigeria.

      With regards to how many chickens you should start with I would advise that you first consider what you intend to do once the birds are grown, your experience with raising chickens and what processes you have in place to make sure your daily operations run smoothly. You are right in considering training, unfortunately I don’t know if any in your area. Carry out a Google search and see what results you get. Good luck and please feel free to keep me updated with your progress

  117. emu August 14, 2015 at 4:34 am - Reply

    Pls am interested in starting a poultry farm business ie briolers and layer .what is the precised amount of birds you advice including all start up cost.feeding till maturity for sale (briolers) & layers? With a start up capital of 6.5 million naira? And i will greatful if u give me breakdown & returns on investment approximately?
    Thank you

    • Joseph Adamu August 14, 2015 at 1:31 pm - Reply

      Hello emu,

      Thank you for checking out the website and contacting me. The information that you’re requesting is quite detailed and specific. I offer a consultancy service where I help answer such queries. Please feel free to contact me and book an appointment through my email admin@mynaijanaira.com

  118. yem August 9, 2015 at 8:56 pm - Reply

    Pls how much will I need to feed 1000 chicken from day old to laying point o to 22 weeks

    • Joseph Adamu August 10, 2015 at 11:31 pm - Reply

      Hello Yem,

      For feeding meat chickens, 10 chickens will eat 30 to 50 lbs of broiler starter until six weeks of age, and 16 to 20 lbs of broiler finish until slaughter. You can use these calculations as a guide when trying to calculate how much to feed 1000 chickens.

  119. Seyi July 1, 2015 at 1:09 pm - Reply

    Hello Joseph.Your article is concise and very insightful.Its really encouraging and opens the door to numerous possibilities.I intend to go into the poultry business myself and will definitely keep in touch with you regarding any questions or referrals.Thanks once again

    • Joseph Adamu July 4, 2015 at 1:35 pm - Reply

      That is great news. I look forward to hearing about your progress. Please contact me if you need any advice or guidance on any issues

  120. Fadairo James June 23, 2015 at 3:58 pm - Reply

    I really appreciate you over this article! more grease to your elbow. Pls I’m planning to start my project on cockerel. pls can you give me an estimate on how much I’ll spend on a cockerel from day old to 6months in terms of feed?

    • Joseph Adamu June 30, 2015 at 8:32 pm - Reply

      Hello Fadairo,

      thank you for your kind comments, and for checking out the website.
      How much you spend depends on where you buy your feed, but as a general rule Cockerels tend to eat about half their body weight in feed each week. A rooster weighing 6 pounds eats approximately 3 pounds of food each week. Once roosters have obtained enough energy from food, they stop eating. Ensure that the amount of food they’re eating contains the proper nutrients they need. Also consider that portion sizes change when the seasons change.

  121. Dammy June 17, 2015 at 1:36 pm - Reply

    Hello. Mr Joseph, i really love the write up, i’m very much interested in starting a medium scale poultry on a plot of land. if you can pls assist me on doing this by giving me some useful details like what and what do i need to start a 500 layer birds poultry, including the feeding. thanks in advance sir, i will as well write you in your email so that we can talk better from there. thumb up sir.

    • Joseph Adamu June 18, 2015 at 8:03 pm - Reply

      Hello Dammy,

      thanks for visiting the website and leaving a comment. If you look through the post – How to Start Poultry Farming in Nigeria you should be able to find the answer to your question.

      • moruf adegbite August 14, 2015 at 9:04 am - Reply

        pls I need your honest advice on how to start a full scale poultry farming, I’ve acquired 51acres of land for this project and I’ve manage to put together savings of N5million, but my worries is that I do not have any knownledge of agric, I am equally thinking of building the poultry pens equipt will residential challets and put it up for rent to those that have the knowledge of livestocks farming but couldn’t afford to set up on there own, due to lack of capital, what I want to know is, will this be a good and profitable idea? pls you can message me on popiolola@yahoo.com

        • Joseph Adamu August 14, 2015 at 1:35 pm - Reply

          Hello,

          I really like you’re approach to this situation with regards to the residents chalets.

          Indeed this business idea can be lucrative if carried out correctly. I will contact you to discuss your options in detail and offer support where necessary.

          • moruf adegbite August 16, 2015 at 4:02 pm

            thanks for your prompt response to my mail, I will be looking forward to hear from you soonest as promised, i’m really eager to takeoff as soon as possible, but needs an expert guidance on this.

  122. prince June 5, 2015 at 12:12 pm - Reply

    Comment…hl tanx for your post I will like to know how many weeks use in bredding broilers and how many bags of feeds it will consume for two months I want to start with 300 birds

    • Joseph Adamu June 6, 2015 at 11:08 pm - Reply

      Hello Prince,

      thanks for checking out the website and commenting.

      Broiler chickens usually take around 28 weeks to mature to market weight. It takes about 2 pounds of feed to produce 1 pound of body weight on a growing meat-type bird. So if a broiler weighs about 6 pounds at 10 weeks, it will have eaten about 12 pounds of feed.

  123. Efe June 5, 2015 at 11:30 am - Reply

    Thank you for this article. I find it very informative. Please can I email you?

  124. Julius June 3, 2015 at 9:36 pm - Reply

    Great article. I’m starting farming soonest

    • Joseph Adamu June 3, 2015 at 10:04 pm - Reply

      Hello Julius,
      that’s great news. Congratulations for making the step and i’m sure you will find success. Please feel free to keep me updated with your progress and don’t hesitate to contact me if you need any support with your new venture.

  125. Paul June 1, 2015 at 5:28 am - Reply

    Hello Joseph, i love your article, currently i base in Europe but i have been thinking about opening a poultry farm in Enugu where my family stays… I have a plot of land already mapped out for that but i need someone to help me with the construction. i would love to have ur direct contact so as to get any necessary help.

    • Joseph Adamu June 1, 2015 at 7:00 pm - Reply

      Hello Paul,

      thank you for the kind feedback. You can contact me on admin@mynaijanaira.com if you need any support and to discuss any specific information in detail.

  126. Abdulaziz Muhydin May 19, 2015 at 5:34 pm - Reply

    Great write up, Good blog. More grease to your elbow Joseph.

    • Joseph Adamu May 19, 2015 at 6:39 pm - Reply

      Hello Abdulaziz, thank you for taking the time to check the blog and thank you for the kind words. Feel free to contact me anytime if you have any questions or need advice.

  127. Akin Fatoki May 15, 2015 at 10:07 pm - Reply

    Comment…Loved every bit of your article. I want to start a poultry farm by the time I finish from Vet School. Want to know more about the approximated cost of rearing 500 chicks. Any info would be welcomed.

    • Joseph Adamu May 17, 2015 at 8:13 pm - Reply

      Hello Akin,
      I’m so happy you found the website useful. It’s difficulty to give you an approximate cost as there are so many variables when entering into poultry farming, but some of the costs you need to budget for are:

      Land, construction costs, buying of poultry/chicks and poultry equipment – This is dependent on the size of your poultry farm and the nature of your business. If you want to hatch and sell chicks for instance, you would have to buy hatchery equipment. If you want to process meat for sale, you would also need meat-processing equipment. You also need to consider the cost of vaccination, feeding and cost of Labor – this is only relevant if you intend to hire people to assist you especially if you plan to set up a commercial poultry farm because it is unlikely that you would be able to handle all the tasks alone.

      You should also budget for electricity, transportation, advertising, security, insurance, selling and distribution expenses.

      Good luck with your studies, and please feel free to contact me if you need any advice 🙂

  128. Ola April 30, 2015 at 1:33 am - Reply

    Hi,

    Thank you very much for your post. What is the land area and Cost required to set up a poultry of like 10000 birds?

    • Joseph Adamu April 30, 2015 at 8:42 pm - Reply

      HI Ola,
      thank you for your interest in the blog, and i’m glad you found it useful. Once you reach around 10,000 chickens you are going to the higher end of poultry farming. The amount of people and hours required to tend to your poultry will significantly increase. With this comes increased costs.

      If you plan to keep them on land/in a chicken house 30,000 sq ft house is needed for 10,000 chickens. If you prefer a cage type shed then the area required will be 4000 sq ft to 7500 sq ft depending on the type of cage you use in your poultry farm. Average space needed for a bird in a cage is roughly around 0.4 – 0.75 sq ft.

  129. El-Yaqub April 22, 2015 at 11:02 pm - Reply

    I just started my own business. I must confess that one needs a handsome capital and land as well to kick start this business. I hope to reap my sweat in a couple of months soonest. This article is insightful and it has upgraded my initiative too.

    • Joseph Adamu April 23, 2015 at 9:46 am - Reply

      Hello El-Yaqub,
      Thank you for commenting and sharing yiur experience.

      You are correct. Like most business, capital is required to start up and maintain the business at the early stages before your cash flow becomes steady. Hopefully you’ve planned this in your financial forecasts?

      I hope everything goes to plan, and please keep me updated with your progress.

  130. MATHEW .N April 19, 2015 at 9:03 pm - Reply

    AM ENCOURAGED AFTER READING YOUR MESSAGE, I WILL SURELY START A POULTRY FARM IN NIGERIA
    WHEN I ARRIVES IN LAGOS BY END OF THIS YEAR .. CURRENTLY, AM RESIDING ENGLAND AND NOT
    QUITE HAPPY STAYING HERE ANY LONGER. BUT MY FEAR IF THE MARKET IS REALLY THERE

    • Joseph Adamu April 20, 2015 at 9:46 pm - Reply

      Hello Mathew,
      I feel honoured that my article has giving you the encouragement to venture in to the world of entrepreneurship. Poultry farming is very lucrative, but like any business it requires hard work, dedication and continued learning so that you can continually grow your business. Please let me know how it goes and don’t hesitate to contact me if you need some advice.

  131. Femi April 9, 2015 at 10:59 pm - Reply

    Insightful.
    Pls, I will like to know how much it will cost to construct a poultry pen for 500 birds at Ibadan.

    • Joseph Adamu April 10, 2015 at 8:23 pm - Reply

      Thank you. I’m glad you found it helpful.

      Regarding your question. The cost can vary significantly depending on how equipped you would like the pen. I’ve seen good quality pens that house around 500 chickens range from N120,000 to N270,000

  132. ono March 26, 2015 at 10:15 am - Reply

    sir,how should be a plot of land for 1000 birds boilers free range

    • Joseph Adamu March 26, 2015 at 4:46 pm - Reply

      Personally, I would recommend around 3 sq ft floor space per chicken. This will ensure that you have healthy chickens and reduce the mortality rate.

  133. Niyi March 20, 2015 at 9:48 am - Reply

    Great article.

    • Joseph Adamu March 21, 2015 at 8:29 am - Reply

      Hello Niyi. Thank you for your positive comment. Your positive feedback is really appreciated. Please feel free to leave feedback or ask any questions you want answered.

  134. Ade AJibola March 15, 2015 at 10:33 am - Reply

    Joseph this is a fantastic idea you shared here. I am extremely keen on taking this on. Please inbox me your contact details.

    • Joseph Adamu March 15, 2015 at 12:39 pm - Reply

      Hello Ade. I’m glad that you found the blog useful. If you want to get in contact please feel free to contact me trough our contact form, or leave a comment on the blog with your questions so that other visitors can benefit from the information 🙂

  135. paul March 14, 2015 at 9:00 pm - Reply

    Interesting blog. Do you have contact of anyone that can help with the constrution advice. I am planning to setup with about 1000 chicks. Thanks for your help

    • Joseph Adamu March 15, 2015 at 6:37 am - Reply

      Hello Paul, I’m happy that you found the blog useful. I have quite a few contacts. If you can be more specific with what you plan to do and where you are based I will recommend somebody that is suitable.

  136. Sele Ebosele February 18, 2015 at 2:08 pm - Reply

    Very insightful and helpful

    • Joseph Adamu February 18, 2015 at 4:43 pm - Reply

      Really happy you liked it Sele! I hope the tips helped. Please leave a comment or send me a message if you have any questions.

  137. Peluang Usaha December 30, 2014 at 5:21 am - Reply

    poultry business opportunities THAT very lucrative profit doubled.thank you for sharing knowledge .salam

    • Joseph Adamu February 9, 2015 at 12:35 pm - Reply

      Yes, I believe that the Nigerian poultry business is very lucrative, and agriculture will be the key to Nigeria’s long term sustainable business future.

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